In Press Articles

Articles in press have been peer-reviewed and accepted, which are not yet edited and assigned to volumes/issues, but are citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI).

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Unraveling the mechanisms underlying lake expansion from 2001 to 2020 and its impact on the ecological environment in a typical alpine basin on the Tibetan Plateau
changchang fu, LI Xiangquan, Xu Cheng
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2023015
[Abstract](41) [PDF 1570KB](0)
Yanhu is a typical alpine lake on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Its continuous expansion in recent years poses serious threats to downstream mega infrastructure. As a result, studies of the mechanisms underlying lake expansion are urgently needed. We used the elasticity method within the Budyko framework to calculate the water balances in the Yanhu basin and the neighboring Tuotuo River basin. Results show intensification of hydrological cycles and positive trends in the lake area, river runoff, precipitation, and potential evapotranspiration. Lake expansion was significant between 2001 and 2020 and accelerated between 2015 and 2020. Precipitation increase was the key factor underlying the hydrological changes, followed by glacier meltwater and groundwater. The overflow of Yanhu was inevitable because it was connected to three other lakes and the water balance of all four lakes was positive. The high salty lake water diverted downstream will greatly impact the water quality of the source area of the Yangtze River and the stability of the permafrost base of the traffic corridor.
Sin Yi Ling, Junaidi Asis, Mohd Harun Abdullah, Baba Musta
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022079
[Abstract](910) [PDF 1413KB](10)
Heavy metal contents along the Northwest coast of Sabah were determined to interpret the contamination level in the marine sediment. The metal abundance is regulated by the physico-chemical properties such as the average sediment pH (7.82, 9.00 and 8.99), organic matter (0.62%, 1.60%, and 2.27%), moisture content (25.00%, 29.70%, and 15.00%) and sandy texture in Kota Belud, Kudat and Mantanani Island, respectively. The major elements show Ca>Fe>Mg>Al>Mn for all study sites, while the heavy metals show Ni>Cr>Zn>Cu>Co>Pb, Cr>Ni>Zn>Cu>Pb>Co and Zn>Pb>Cr>Ni, for Kota Belud, Kudat and Mantanani Island, respectively. The contamination degree of heavy metals was evaluated using the Sediment Quality Assessment (SQA). The SQA parameters indicated none to moderate contamination in Kota Belud that shows Class 0, Class 1 and Class 2 contamination. The parameters also indicated none to low contamination in Kudat and Mantanani Island that show only Class 0 contamination. The enrichment factor (EF) suggested minor to moderately severe metal enrichment by anthropogenic sources in Kota Belud, whereas only minor enrichment in Kudat and Mantanani Island. The modified contamination degree (mCd<1.5) and pollution load index (0≤PLI<1) indicating only low pollution level in the marine sediments for all study sites. The objectives of this study are to determine the physico-chemical parameters of sediments, estimate the heavy metal contents and evaluate the sediment quality.
A three dimensional Moho depth model beneath the Yemeni highlands and rifted volcanic margins of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, southwest Arabia
Amin Al Kadasi
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2023001
[Abstract](902) [PDF 1066KB](12)
Knowing Moho discontinuity topography is fundamental to understand mechanisms of lithosphere – asthenosphere interaction, extensional tectonism and crustal deformation in volcanic passive margins, such as the study area which is located in the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula bounded by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. In this work, the first 3D Moho depth model of the study area is constructed by inverting gravity data from the EGM2008. This model indicates the shallow zone is situated at depths of 20 to 24 km beneath coastal plains whereas the deep zone located below the plateau at depths of 30 to 35 km and its deepest part coincides mainly Dhamar – Rada'a Quaternary volcanic field. The results also indicate two channels of hot magmatic materials joining both the Sana'a – Amran Quaternary volcanic field and the Late Miocene Jabal An Nar volcanic area with the Dhamar – Rada'a volcanic field. This conclusion supported by the widespread geothermal activity (of mantle origin) distributed along these channels, isotopic data and the upper mantle low velocity zones indicated by earlier studies.
Geological characteristics of unconventional tight oil reservoir: A case study of Upper Cretaceous Qingshankou Formation, northern Songliao Basin, NE China
Li-zhi Shi, Zhuo-Zhuo Wang
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022072
[Abstract](1201) [PDF 2026KB](9)
based on the data of geology, well drilling, well logging, well test, this paper systematically analyzed the Geological characteristics of tight oil in Gao3 and Gao4 layers of the Qijia area. It shows that there are three kinds of hydrocarbon source rocks, which have excellent I and II type parent types of organic matter and have high organic matter abundance mostly in the mature stage. The reservoir is generally composed of intercalations between thin-bedded mudstone, siltstone and sandstone, with a poor porosity and a poor air permeability. The main reservoir space primarily includes intergranular pores, secondary soluble pores and intergranular soluble pores. Three types of orifice throats were identified, namely fine throat, extra-fine throat and micro-fine throat. The siltstone is generally oil-bearing, the reservoirs with slime and calcium become worse oil-bearing.The brittleness indices of the sandstone range from 40% to 60%, and the mudstone range from 40% to 45%. Based on the study of a typical core hole data, this paper gives a comprehensive evaluation of properties of the tight oil, and establishes a tight oil single well Composite bar chart. This study has theoretical guiding significance and practical application value for tight oil exploration and evaluationt in Qijia area
The long-lived partial melting of the Greater Himalayas in southern Tibet, constraints from the geochronology and geochemistry of the Miocene Gyirong anatectic pegmatite-青藏高原专辑
Hua-Wen Cao, Qiu-Ming Pei, Xiao Yu, Ai-Bin Cao, Yong Chen, Hang Liu, Kai Zhang, Xin Liu, Xiang-Fei Zhang
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022061
[Abstract](1587) [PDF 291KB](49)
The Cenozoic Himalayan leucogranite–pegmatite belt has been a hotspot for rare metal exploration in recent years. To determine the genesis of the pegmatite in the Himalayan region and its relationship with the partial melting of the Greater Himalayan crystalline complex (GHC), the Gyirong pegmatite in southern Tibet were chosen for geochronological and geochemical studies. The dating analyses indicate that the U‒Th‒Pb ages of zircon, monazite, and xenotime exhibit large variations (38.6-16.1 Ma), and the weighted average value of the four youngest points is 16.5 ± 0.3 Ma, which indicates that the final crystallization of the melt occurred in the Miocene. The age of the muscovite Ar–Ar inverse isochron is 15.2 ± 0.4 Ma, that is slightly later than the intrusion age, showing that a cooling process associated with rapid denudation occurred at 16-15 Ma. The εHf(t) values of the Cenozoic anatectic zircons are concentrated between -12 and -9 with an average of -11.4.
The accumulation characteristics and exploration potential of oil and gas in the back-arc basin of Japan under the background of high heat flow
wang jianqiang, Jie Liang, chen jianwen
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022067
[Abstract](1534) [PDF 2583KB](12)
The sea of Japan is located in the northeast margin of Eurasia, in the triangle area of the western Pacific Ocean. Due to the interaction of the Pacific plate, Eurasian plate and Philippine plate, its tectonic environment is complex, forming a typical trench-arc-basin system. At present, 148 oil and gas fields have been discovered in Japan, with an oil and gas resource of 255.78×106 t, showing a good prospect for oil and gas exploration.Based on the previous research and the recently collected geological and geophysical data, the characteristics of tectonic-sedimentary evolution and geothermal field in the basins around the Sea of Japan are analyzed.
Molecular structure characterization of middle-high rank coal via 13C NMR, XPS and FTIR spectroscopy
Xiaoming NI, Jingshuo Zhang, Xiaokai Xu, Baoyu Wang
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022070
[Abstract](1584) [PDF 968KB](12)
Elemental analysis, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), combined with Grand Canonical ensemble Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations and energy minimizations were used to establish the molecular structure model of middle-high coal rank accurately. The three-dimensional molecular structure models of middle-high coal rank (from the No. 6 Mine of Pingdingshan (PDS) Mining Area and the No. 4 Mine of Hebi (HB) Mining Area in Henan Province, Xiegou (XG) Mine, Changping (CP) Mine, and Sihe (SH) Mine in Shanxi Province, China) were optimized and constructed. The results showed that the structural arrangement is more orderly and compact with the increase of coal rank. The established molecular formulae for PDS, HB, XG, CP, and SH are respectively C69H43NO3, C166H93N3O8, C191H125N3O7, C169H105N3O7, and C221H123N3O7.
Discovery of ~2.5 Ga zircon U-Pb age from the diabase, Ar Horqin Banner Area, Inner Mongolia: Implications for Neoarchaean crystalline basement of Bainaimiao Arc Belt
Ji-yu Du, Cheng Qian, Wen-bin Wu, Yu-jin Zhang, Chao Zhang, Tao Qin, Yongfei Ma, You Hong-xi
, Available online  , doi: doi: 10.31035/cg2022048
[Abstract](2078) [PDF 174KB](35)
It is still controversial in the existence, scale and affinity of the basement of the Bainaimiao Arc Belt (BAB). We report a new discovery of Neoarchaean zircon ages from the diabase in the Ar Horqin Banner area of the north edge of the BAB. All of the zircons analyzed are subhedral, show fine-scale oscillatory growth zoning in CL images and have high Th/U ratios of 0.3—1.0, implying their magmatic origin. As a result of the LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon dating from the diabase, high proportional captured zircons (16 data of the total 22 zircons) have a weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb ages of 2526±19 Ma (MSWD=1.5) and an upper intercept age of 2559±20 Ma (MSWD=0.42), which clearly suggests the presence of Neoarchaean geological body on the northern edge of the BAB, reflecting the existence of the Neoarchaean crystalline basement.
Evaluate the harm of heavy metals on the surface of the soil to groundwater in the Hunchun Basin, Jilin Province
Xiaodong GUO, Qiang Liu, Huirong Zhang, Xufei Shi, Chuanyu Qin, Zhiqiang Zhang
, Available online  , doi: doi: 10.31035/cg2022050
[Abstract](2047) [PDF 830KB](9)
The continuous enrichment of heavy metals in soils poses a potential hazard to groundwater. Previous research lacked a method to quantitatively evaluate the hazard degree of soil heavy metals to groundwater. This paper combined the groundwater cycle and solid-liquid equilibrium theory to construct a simple and easy-to-use flux model of soil heavy metals into groundwater, and proposed an innovative method for evaluating the hazard of soil heavy metals to groundwater on the basis of evaluating the environmental capacity of groundwater.The results show that the fluxes of soil heavy metals into groundwater in the study area are Zn, Cu, As, Pb, Cd, Ni and Hg in descending order, and that the heavy metals in groundwater (As, Hg, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni and Cd) in most areas do not reach the environmental capacity threshold within 10 years, and the hazard level of soil heavy metals to groundwater in the majority of townships is at the moderate level or below. This evaluation method can quantify the flux of soil heavy metals into groundwater in a simple and quick way, determine the remaining capacity of groundwater for heavy metals, evaluate the hazardous status of soil heavy metals to groundwater, provide support for relevant departments to carry out environmental protection of soil and groundwater, and provide reference for related scholars to carry out similar studies.
Sedimentary environment and organic matter accumulation of Wufeng-Longmaxi shales, southwest Yangtze Plate, China: Insights from geochemical and petrological evidence
An-kun Zhao, Dong Wang, Qian Zhang, Zi-hui Lei, Qian Yu, Di Zhang, Ye-xin Zhou
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022074
[Abstract](1692) [FullText HTML] (831) [PDF 5291KB](18)
Upper Ordovician‒Lower Silurian Wufeng-Longmaxi Formation is the most developed strata of shale gas in southern China. Due to the complex sedimentary environment adjacent to the Kangdian Uplift, the favorable area for organic-rich shale development is still undetermined. The authors, therefore, focus on the mechanism of accumulation of organic matter and the characterization of the sedimentary environment of the Wufeng-Longmaxi Shales to have a more complete understanding and new discovering of organic matter enrichment and favorable area in the marginal region around Sichuan Basin. Multiple methods were applied in this study, including thin section identification, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations and X-ray diffraction (XRD), and elemental analysis on outcrop samples. Five lithofacies have been defined according to the mineralogical and petrological analyses, including mudstone, bioclastic limestone, silty shale, dolomitic shale, and carbonaceous siliceous shale. The paleo-environments have been reconstructed and the organic enrichment mechanism has been identified as a reduced environment and high productivity. The Wufeng period is generally a suboxic environment and the early Longmaxi period is a reducing environment based on geochemical characterization. High dolomite content in the study area is accompanied by high TOC, which may potentially indicate the restricted anoxic environment formed by biological flourishing in shallower water. And for the area close to the Kangdian Uplift, the shale gas generation capability is comparatively favorable. The geochemical parameters implied that new favorable areas for shale gas exploration could be targeted, and more shale gas resources in the mountain-basin transitional zone might be identified in the future.
A review of the pollution source identification methods and remediation technologies of groundwater
Yaci Liu, Yuhong Fei, Yasong Li, Xinlin Bao, Pengwei Zhang
, Available online  , doi: 10.31035/cg2022080
[Abstract](1395) [PDF 683KB](12)
Groundwater is an important source of drinking water. Groundwater pollution severely endangers drinking water safety and sustainable social development. In the case of groundwater pollution, the top priority is to identify pollution sources, and accurate information on pollution sources is the premise of efficient remediation. Then, an appropriate pollution remediation scheme should be developed according to information on pollution sources, site conditions, and economic costs. The methods for identifying pollution sources mainly include geophysical exploration, geochemistry, isotopic tracing, and numerical modeling. Among these identification methods, only the numerical modeling can recognize various information on pollution sources, while other methods can only identify a certain aspect of pollution sources. The remediation technologies of groundwater can be divided into in-situ and ex-situ remediation technologies according to the remediation location. The in-situ remediation technologies enjoy low costs and a wide remediation range, but their remediation performance is prone to be affected by environmental conditions and cause secondary pollution. The ex-situ remediation technologies boast high remediation efficiency, high processing capacity, and high treatment concentration but suffer high costs. Different methods for pollution source identification and remediation technologies are applicable to different conditions. To achieve the expected identification and remediation results, it is feasible to combine several methods and technologies according to the actual hydrogeological conditions of contaminated sites and the nature of pollutants. Additionally, detailed knowledge about the hydrogeological conditions and stratigraphic structure of the contaminated site is the basis of all work regardless of the adopted identification methods or remediation technologies.